Σάββατο, 21 Αυγούστου 2021

Travelling to Greece in Summer 2021: Here’s What You Need to Know


To anyone dreaming of a seaside escape, visiting ancient monuments, or numerous islands, these dreams are now possible as Greece has opened its borders for visitors since May 14.

After a lockdown period, Greece has reopened for some tourists without obliging them to self-isolate upon arrival in the country. Such an announcement was made back in April when the latter lifted the quarantine requirement for European Union Member States and several other third countries.

Regardless of the COVID-19 outbreak, the authorities of Greece have continually called for measures that would enable the safe reopening of the travel and tourism sector in a bid to prevent further financial losses and revive the industry by the summer season.

Nonetheless, the country continues to keep in place stringent entry restrictions for other countries due to the pandemic situation.

Who Is Allowed to Travel to Greece This Summer?



Since May 14, Greece has opened its borders for persons all over the world wishing to visit the country during the summer season in a bid to help the country’s travel and tourism sector recover from the loss suffered due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Currently, Greece allows restriction-free entry to all arrivals from European Union and Schengen Area countries, including Andorra, Iceland, Lichtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican, and Monaco.

Besides the EU/Schengen Area countries, Greece welcomes travellers from other countries as well that have recently reported low infection rates of COVID-19. Thus, arrivals from the following third countries are permitted to enter Greece:

  • Albania
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrein
  • Belarus
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Brunei
  • Canada
  • China
  • Israel
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Lebanon
  • Moldova
  • Montenegro
  • New Zealand
  • North Macedonia
  • Qatar
  • Russia
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Serbia
  • Singapore
  • South Korea
  • Turkey
  • United Arab Emirates
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
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“For the Russian Federation, from June 30, passengers must carry a negative PCR molecular test result from a testing laboratory taken up to 72 hours before arrival, or a negative antigen (rapid) test result taken up to 48 hours before arrival regardless if they are vaccinated or not,” the Government emphasised.

Previously, it was announced that since July 8, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Brunei, and Moldova would be added to the list of third countries that are permitted quarantine-free entry to Greece.

Just recently, Greece authorities noted that Russian passengers travelling to Greece will now be required to provide a negative COVID-19 test result and take another test upon their arrival.

Arrivals from any country outside the EU/Schengen Area or any third country that was not mentioned above are not allowed to enter Greece.

Greece has also opened its borders for travellers from the United States after they remained banned for more than a year. Travellers from the US will be subject to the same requirements as citizens of other countries that are permitted entry.

Greece has been extending the entry ban for third-country nationals for several months now.

Greece’s Entry Restrictions


Before entering Greece, everyone is required to fill in the Passenger Locator Form no later than the day before arrival. The form requires detailed information on passengers’ departure location, the duration of previous stays in other countries, as well as the address of their stay while in Greece.

All persons entering Greece must submit a negative COVID-19 test result obtained within 72 hours of arrival in Greece.

In addition, travellers from countries listed above as well as those travelling from an EU/Schengen Area country are allowed to enter Greece as long as they provide one of the following acceptable documents:

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A certificate proving vaccination against the COVID-19: at least 14 days should have passed since the second dose of the vaccine was taken to be permitted entry. The vaccines approved in Greece include Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, AstraZeneca-Oxford, Novavax, Johnson & Johnson, Sinovac Biotech, Sputnik V, Cansino Biologics, and Sinopharm.

>>Greece Has Highest Number in the World of COVID-19 Vaccines Recognised for Travel

The vaccination certificate is recognised as long as it is issued by a public authority of each country in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish, or Russian.

The vaccination certificate must include the traveller’s name, the type of vaccine that has been administered, the COVID-19 vaccine dose(s) injected, and the date of administration.

“Entry of tourists in Greece is not subject to vaccination. Presenting a vaccination certificate greatly facilitates the procedures upon arrival. However, in no case is a vaccination or antibodies certificate considered a ‘passport’,” the Government clarified.

Proof of a negative COVID-19 test result: the test should not be older than 72 hours when entering Greece. Children under the age of six are not required to undergo testing.

A certificate that proves recovery from the COVID-19 in the past nine months: the recovery certificate should be issued by a public authority or a certified laboratory. Travellers can also provide a previous positive PCR test result, performed at least two months before arrival and no later than nine months before arrival.

All the three above-mentioned certificates must contain the key identification information, including the holder’s full name, which must match the name on the passport or any other recognised travel document.

Foreigners may also provide a Digital COVID-19 Passport to be permitted entry to the country, either in paper or electronic form, SchengenVisaInfo.com reports.

Regardless of the certificate that travellers possess upon arrival, they may be subject to mandatory random health screening drawn from a targeted sampling system, which means they need to undergo a rapid antigen test. In case someone refuses to cooperate, the authorities have the right to reject entry into the country.

Furthermore, if the random test result turns out to be positive, travellers and their companions will be accommodated in quarantine hotels, where they will undergo further health checks. They must stay quarantined for at least ten days, and the expenses will be covered by Greek authorities.

Entering Greece Through Land, Air, or Sea

Non-essential land border arrivals are allowed through Promachonas, Ormenio, Evzonoi, Niki, Nymfaia, Doirani, Kipi, Kristallopigi, Kakavia, Exohi, and Kastanies border crossing points on a 24 hours basis.

However, it has been noted that there is a limit of 1500 passengers per week in Kipi and Kastanies border crossing points.

As for those who plan to use public transportation during their stay in Greece, they are obliged to wear a protective mask at all times when in public places, including here airports as well.

Passengers are allowed to enter Greece through all international airports. However, non-EU/Schengen Area citizens are strongly advised to use direct flights to Greece in order to avoid stop-over country requirements.

What to Expect When Visiting Greece?


Archaeological sites are open to visitors across Greece, with a limit of up to 20 persons at the same time. During their archaeological visits, everyone must wear a face mask and respect the physical distancing measures.

Restaurants, cafes, and bars are open as well. However, service is provided at outdoor spaces only, and the maximum number of persons allowed to sit at one table is six. Those waiting for a table must keep their mask on at all times.

Moreover, theatres, concerts, and other types of performances are also allowed, but only with a 75 per cent capacity in open spaces.

For those wishing to spend some time at the beach, the authorities highlight that only up to 80 persons are allowed for 1000 m2 of the beach area. Furthermore, only two persons can use the same umbrella, except for families.

The public transport will only operate with 65 per cent capacity, whereas tour and sightseeing buses will operate at 85 per cent capacity.

Currently, Greece has a national curfew in place from 1:30 am until 5 am, meaning that tourists can stay outside even after midnight.

If the infection rates continue to remain steady, Greece is set to abolish the curfew entirely during July.

Travel Insurance for Greece – A Must When Travelling During COVID-19 Pandemic

It is highly suggested that all persons who wish to travel to Greece or any other country during this summer purchase an extended travel insurance package that covers epidemic and pandemic situations.

The insurance makes sure that in case the trip gets cancelled due to the COVID-19 situation, most of the money that is spent to make reservations is turned back.

You can buy medical travel insurance for Greece for a very reasonable cost from AXA AssistanceMondialCare or Europ Assistance.

Greece’s EU Digital COVID-19 Passport



Greece has successfully joined the EU gateway after the country passed the technical tests and has started to issue the first EU COVID-19 passports.

The country had revealed the first EU Digital COVID-19 Passport back at the end of May, during which time the Prime Minister of Greece Kyriakos Mitsotakis stressed that the system will be running in the country before the deadline of July 1 that Brussels set, which has turned out to be true.

Additionally, during the launch of the passport in Athens, Mitsotakis urged other EU countries to open for the summer season to help travel and tourism recover from the financial loss caused by the pandemic.

The European Union has established the EU COVID-19 Vaccination Passport in a bid to restore safe travel within the bloc.

COVID-19 Situation in Greece

Similar to the other European countries, Greece has been severely hit by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the country has been able to keep the situation under control by imposing nationwide lockdown measures.

According to World Health Organization (WHO) figures, as of August 12, Greece has identified 521,399 COVID-19 infection cases and has registered 13,118 deaths. Only during the last 24 hours, 4,614 new Coronavirus cases were detected in the country.

Until now, the country has administered at least 10,875,211 COVID-19 vaccine doses, which means that around 54.2 per cent of the population have received at least one dose of the vaccine, whereas about 50.5 per cent have been fully vaccinated

Vaccines that are offered in Greece include Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Oxford-AstraZeneca, and Johnson & Johnson.

NOTE: This article was originally published on June 21. Since then, the same has been continuously updated with the most recent changes. The last changes to the article were made on August 12, in line with the most recent updates of the Greek authorities.

Τετάρτη, 18 Αυγούστου 2021

Plato’s Best (and Worst) Ideas Will Surprise You

 





Plato’s Best (and Worst) Ideas Will Surprise You

Plato
A statue of Plato in central Athens, today. Credit: Public Domain.

Plato was one of the most influential thinkers in the history philosophy. Plato’s concepts are laid the groundwork for Ancient Greek and western philosophy, and are still considered immensely influential to this day. His contributions are easily recognizable across education, politics, ethics, epistemology, and psychology. 20th century thinker Alfred North Whitehead once described European philosophy as “a series of footnotes to Plato.” While many of Plato’s concepts are undeniably crucial for the progression of western philosophy, some of his ideas have not aged as well. Let’s take a look inside some of the best and worst ideas found in Plato’s philosophy.

Plato’s best ideas

The theory of forms

Plato establishes a significant difference between what we can perceive through the senses and what we can perceive through reason. He describes the latter as “forms.”

For Plato, “forms” combined with language create the basis of scientific knowledge.

Plato believes that the phenomena we perceive with the senses are the constant changes of the ideal “forms” that can only be perceived with reason. In Plato’s world there is a universal, singular “ideal” of a structure like a house, and the houses that we see in our daily experience are only tangible manifestations of that ideal–manifestations that are subject to change.

Plato urged philosophers to try to understand the ideal world. What we can perceive with our senses never remains, while in the world of ideas and “forms” everything is immutable and eternal, like the soul.

Governments centered on justice Plato’s model of the republic is based on justice. Plato believes that the search for justice should be the main purpose of any ruler. He also believed that governing was a kind of art like painting or literature, and that the art of governing well requires good reasoning, or a discerning interpretation of “forms.”

This is why Plato invents the moniker of the “philosopher king.” He believed that a ruler should have the intellectual prowess of a thinker in order to govern correctly.

Plato traveled twice to Syracuse, Sicily, to try to put his philosophical project into practice and demonstrate that it was a viable form of governance. He was met with opposition, however, and secretly fleed back to Greece.

Plato’s worst ideas

Plato’s views on women

Plato has extremely mixed and inconsistent views on how women would function within governing systems. Although he believed that women were just and could assist in governmental processes, he also compared them to children.

Plato also derided women’s biology as affecting their aptitude to think logically, saying that their bodies were similar to a “rebellious animal without reason” driven by its appetite. He defined the female reproductive system as an “animal eager to procreate.”

For Plato the female body had a life of its own: “if the uterus remains for a long time without producing fruit; it becomes irritated and wanders throughout the body, closes the air passage, prevents breathing, puts the body in danger and engenders a thousand diseases.”

Such misguided ideas about the female body were widespread amongst thinkers of the time. Even Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, wrote in his “Treatise on Women’s Diseases” about something he called “hysterical suffocation”; a respiratory disease that appeared when the uterus migrated to the upper abdomen in search of fluid.

“Featherless bipeds”

One of Plato’s ideas that completely missed the mark was his attempt to categorize humans with birds, dubbing them “featherless bipeds,”

According to leged, Diogenes of Sinope, the famous “cynic” of Ancient Greece, became angry with Plato’s classification that compared men to birds. Diogenes decided to pluck a rooster and take it to one of Plato’s classes where he proclaimed “here is Plato’s man.”

Plato’s logic for associating humans with birds was both being’s ability to master coordinated movement.

Platonic Academy of Athens

The Platonic Academy of Athens was founded by Plato around 387 BC. The academy was destroyed during the first war between Greece and Asia Minor and was subsequently rebuilt in 410 AD. The Academy was eventually closed for good by the Emperor Justinian in 529 AD. The school was dedicated to the study of knowledge, mathematics, medicine, rhetoric and astronomy.

The platonic academy had three great periods:

  • The ancient academy, made up of the disciples closest to Plato until 260 BC. They closely followed school of thought invented by their teacher: that knowledge is based on justified, true beliefs.
  • Middle Academy, founded in 244 BC. It was characterized by returning to the thought of Socrates, constituting a new distance from the original thought of Plato. Irony, skepticism, doubt and interrogation dominated.
  • New Academy, from 160 BC. Represented by Carnéades and Philo of Larisa; this iteration of the academy taught that one cannot have definitive knowledge of what an  outcome will be: it is impossible to have total certainty or uncertainty.

Plato’s most famous student was Aristotle.



Σάββατο, 5 Ιουνίου 2021

Thessaloniki Leads Greece Towards Digital Future, US Diplomat Says

Thessaloniki is leading the way toward Greece’s future as the digital hub of southeastern Europe, US Consul General at Thessaloniki Elizabeth K. Lee said on Tuesday. 
 The US diplomat was addressing the two-day Thessaloniki Future Thinking Dialogues (TFTD) conference organized by the American-Hellenic Chamber of Commerce (AmCham). 
 Grecian Delight supports Greece Starting off with praising the city’s strong ties with the United States, Lee noted that it has been the home to two American-affiliated educational institutions for more than 100 years: Anatolia College and the American Farm School, and also has been home to the YMCA since 1919. 
 With the central theme of the 1st TFTD conference being the potential transformation of Thessaloniki to a model nerve center of digital innovation, technology and entrepreneurship, Lee underlined that the US “remains strongly engaged in this area because we know that teaching entrepreneurship and STEM skills to Greek youth will lead to sustainable economic growth and a stronger Greek workforce.” Major U.S. companies like Cisco, Deloitte, and Pfizer have made “the strategic decision to grow their footprint in Thessaloniki so they can tap into the city’s highly educated young workforce and the Balkan market of 30 million people,” Lee highlighted, in line with using the case of the northern city as a jumping point to discuss the cities of the future as innovation ecosystems. 
 “As Ambassador Pyatt has said, American business leaders do not longer ask ‘Where is Thessaloniki?’ but rather, ‘where else can we invest?’,” Lee pointed out. 
 Thessaloniki digital hub ecosystem New ecosystems are popping up in cities, as mostly young people are driven by their dreams not just to make money but to also offer something valuable to the community, Elias Spirtounias, executive director of AmCham, stated. Introducing the AmCham’s conference, Spirtounias said that Thessaloniki is an an example of such an ecosystem. “We live in a drastically and rapidly changing world in which we all are called to adapt and operate faster and more efficiently,” he said, and science and technology can help in key ways to resolve challenges and succeed in areas “where other policies and actions have failed such as in confronting impoverishment, inequalities, health and others.” Such mainly urban ecosystems are “providing the best shelter” to incubate such ideas and to interact with others, he noted. 
The chamber’s commitment is to help educate young entrepreneurs about the business aspect of their projects, the right practices and the constraints of the real economy so they may fulfil their dreams. Spirtounias said that the collaboration between AmCham and the US Embassy at the Thessaloniki International Fair in 2018 was a catalytic event for the city and the region, affording visiting American businesses a clear vision of the prospects of investing in the city and in young Greek people, and inspired the two-day conference. See all the latest news from Greece and the world at Greekreporter.com. 

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