Information for travel to Greece

Greece is located in the southeastern part of Europe and in particular in the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula (or the peninsula of Aimos), in the boundary between Europe, Asia and Africa. Ιt shares land borders with the Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) and Bulgaria to the north, with Albania to the northwest and Turkey to the east. The Aegean Sea lies to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Its total area is 131.957 sq. Km., and is divided into three ‘main’ geographical units:

– the mainland (from the region of Central Greece in the south to the region of Thrace in northeastern tip), which is the largest in the country,

– the Peloponnese which is joined to the mainland by the Isthmus of Corinth, and

– the approximately 6.000 larger and smaller islands and islets scattered across the sea area of ​​the country, either alone, or integrated into island complexes, thus setting up unique on the European continent Greek Archipelago. Some of the best known and most popular Greek islands or clusters are Crete, Rhodes, Corfu, the Dodecanese and Cyclades.

80% of the territory of Greece is mountainous or hilly, which makes it one of the most mountainous countries in Europe, while the total length of its coastline is about 16.000km., of which 7.500km. are on the islands of Greek archipelago, which gives a rare geomorphological feature for the whole European contineCapital of Greece: Athens

Official language: Greek

Polity: Presidential Parliamentary Democracy

Currency: Eυρώ (€ EUR)

Time Zone: GMT +2

Population: 10.815.197 (2011 estimate)

Climate: Mediterranean

Calling Code: The international calling code of Greece is +30

Electric Current: 230V (50Hz)

National Health System: The residents of the states of the European Union can have free, immediate medical care but the medical, insurance coverage is definitely a good choice. For those their country is not a member of the European Union and they wish to visit Greece, in order to receive the necessary health care should consult their insurer before travel.

Animals: For animals from countries outside the European Union a health certificate is required.

Passports: For the visitors from the European Union passports are not required. For the guests outside the European Union a valid passport to enter the country is required.

Visas: All residents (excluding states of the European Union) such as Canada, USA, Australia etc. need a visa to enter the country.nt.

History of GreeceThe history of modern Greece actually begins with the Greek revolution of 1821 and the independence of the Greek state in the year 1828 by Kapodistrias, covering Peloponnese and part of the Central Greece.


From 1832 to 1974 the Greek State was a kingdom (with intervals without kingship) and after 1974, the modern Greece is Republic (Third Greek Republic). In 1881 the Greek territory Thessaly was added in 1913 after the Balkan Wars, Macedonia, in 1920 Eastern Thrace and the region of Smyrna which returned to Turkish rule after the Asia Minor Catastrophe. In Greece in 1919 Thrace was added. Dodecanese were after the Second World War in 1947.

LifestyleHaving more than 300 days of sunshine a year, the Greek climate contribute to an enjoyable lifestyle throughout the year. Residents and visitors have the opportunity to enjoy a variety of summer and winter sports activities such as tennis, sailing, swimming, skiing, golf, cycling, hiking.

The country also has many recreational options, such as restaurants, nightclubs and cultural events areas, which contribute to a vibrant nightlife. Finally, the modern tourist infrastructure offers the opportunity for short trips to some of the most beautiful locations in the world.

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